Explore Amsterdam

The following pages contain tourist information about public transport in Amsterdam, the history of Amsterdam, museums, food & drinks and shopping in Amsterdam.

Location Bed and Breakfast Amsterdam West


Bed and Breakfast Amsterdam West, a perfect location for Amsterdam City visit . Very close to public transport hub Jan van Galenstraat, with good connections by metro and train to and from Schiphol airport. With tram 13, the historic city center of Amsterdam is 15 minutes away. The nearby tram/metro stop is also a stop on the night service bus line 282 from the center for those who enjoy the Amsterdam nightlife or miss the last tram. If you are traveling by bicycle, don't worry. You can park your bike in our special bike storage. The Amsterdam city center is 15 minutes by bicycle. Bicycle rental is available at Bed and Breakfast Amsterdam West.

How to get to Bed & Breakfast Amsterdam West?



Amsterdam
Amsterdam

History of Amsterdam


Amsterdam 1538
Amsterdam 1538
Amsterdam 1571
Amsterdam 1571
Amsterdam 1560
Amsterdam 1560

Amsterdam has a long and eventful history. The origins of the city lie in the 12th century, when fishermen living along the banks of the River Amstel built a bridge across the waterway near the IJ, then a large saltwater inlet. Wooden locks under the bridge served as a dam, protecting the village from the rising IJ-waters, which often flooded the early settlement. The mouth of the river Amstel, where the Damrak is now, formed a natural harbor, which became important for trading-exchange from the larger koggeships into the smaller ships that sailed the merchandise deeper into the hinterland.


The 17th century


Amsterdam 1649
Amsterdam 1649
Amsterdam 1662
Amsterdam 1662

The 17th century was Amsterdam's Golden Age. Ships from the city sailed to North America, Indonesia, Brazil and Africa and formed the basis of a worldwide trading network. Amsterdam's merchants financed expeditions to the four corners of the world and they acquired the overseas possessions that formed the seeds of the later Dutch colonies. Rembrandt painted in this century, and the city expanded greatly around its canals during this time. Amsterdam was the most important point for the transshipment of goods in Europe and it was the leading financial centre of the world.


The 18th century


Amsterdam 1770
Amsterdam 1770

The 18th and early 19th centuries saw a decline in Amsterdam's prosperity. The Dutch Republic's wars with the United Kingdom and France took their toll on Amsterdam. During the Napoleonic wars, Amsterdam's fortunes reached their lowest point; with the establishment of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815, however,  things slowly began to improve.


The 19th century


Amsterdam 1866
Amsterdam 1866
Amsterdam 1901
Amsterdam 1901

At the end of the 19th century the Industrial Revolution reached Amsterdam. The Amsterdam-Rijn canal was dug to give Amsterdam a direct connection to the Rhine and the Noordzee canal was dug to give the port a connection with the North Sea. Both projects improved communication with the rest of Europe and the world dramatically. They gave the economy a big boost and Amsterdam's population grew significantly during this period. From 1875, Amsterdam expanded quickly; the first neighborhoods outside the 17th century canal ring were built.

 

The end of the 19th century is sometimes called Amsterdam's second Golden Age. New museums, the Centraal Station and the Concertgebouw were built.


The 20th century